Gum disease or Periodontal disease is a condition caused by plaque build up on the gums around the teeth and can usually cause inflammation of the gums, receding gums, tenderness and can cause them to bleed easily.
Mild form of gum disease is called Gingivitis. It is caused by bacterial infection usually as a result of plaque or tartar buildup on teeth. It causes inflammation, redness and irritation of the gums. Poor oral habits usually contribute to gingivitis. Your dentist will examine your teeth and gums, measure the pocket depth of the grooves between teeth and gum and suggest any remedial treatments as required. A professional clean can help remove plaque and tartar. Your dentist can also help you establish good oral hygiene habits and plan an affective at-home plan. If required dental restorations may be suggested as well.
Periodontitis is an advanced form of gum disease.